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Write essay about Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Saturday, March 16, 2024 | March 16, 2024 Last Updated 2024-03-16T17:59:11Z

Atal Bihari Vajpayee-25 December, 1924-16 August, 2018 was an Indian Politician who served three terms as the Prime Minister. He was a member of the Indian Parliament for over four decades, having been elected to the Lok Sabha, the lower house, ten times and twice to the Rajya Sabha, the lower house. Vajpayee became the Minister of External Affairs and resigned in 1979 Janta Alliance collapsed soon after. Then members of the Bharatiye jana Sangh (BJS) formed the Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP) in 1980 with Vajpayee as its first president.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Early Life and Education 

Atalji's early education took place in the local school. Later he graduated from Victoria College in Gwalior. Thereafter he passed the masters degree in Political Science in the first class from D.A.V. College, Kanpur. Thereafter he admitted to the University FOR studies of Law. While Atalji was just a student, he alligned himself to the Rashtriya Swayam Sewak Sangh (R.S.S.) and later become its "Pracharak'. He is the founder member of the 'Janasangh' then political party founded by R.S.S.

Political Career 

He also took part in 'Quit India' movement and went to jail for 24 days. He specialized in the field of journalism and gained fame. Atalji wrote several books. Atalji is a skilled speaker. His manner of the speaking is very infrequent. On April 6, 1980 he gained the position of national president of B.J.P. On May 16, 1996 Atalji was sworn in as the country's 10th Prime Minister. But his time he has to resign due to less numbers. On March 19, 1998 he was re-sworn in as Prime Minister of the country. On October 13, 1999 he was sworn in as Prime Minister for the third time.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Polical Career
Political Career

Important Contributions

During his tenure as Prime Minister, India carried out the Pokhran-II nuclear test in 1998. Vajpayee sought to improve diplomatic relations with Pakistan, travelling to Lahore by bus to meet with Prime Minister of Nawaz Sharif. After the 1999 Kargil War with Pakistan, he sought to restore relations through engaging with President Pervez Musharraf, inviting him to India for a summit at Agra. He was conferred India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna by the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee in 2015. The administration of Narendra Modi declared in 2014 that Vajpayee' birthday, 25 December, would be marked as Good Governance Day.


● Padma Vibhushan-1992

● D.Litt from Kanpur University-1993

● Lokmanya Tilak Award-1994

● Outstanding Parliamentarian Award-1994

● Bharat Ratna Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant Award-1994

● Bharat Ratna-2015

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Award


Vajpayee's government introduced many domestic, economic and infrastructural reforms, including encouraging the private sector and foreign investment, reducing governmental waste, encouraging research and development and privatisation of some government owned corporations. Among Vajpayee's projects were the National Highways. Development Project and Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana. In 2001, the Vajpayee government launched the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan campaign, aimed at improved the quality of education in primary and secondary schools.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna

Death Reactions and Tributes 

On 11 June, 2018, Vajpayee was admitted to AIIMS in critical condition following a kidney inflection. He died there 5:05 p.m IST on 16 August, 2018 at the age of 93 Vajpayee was cremated with full state honours at Rashtriya Smriti Sthal near Raj Ghat. On 19 August, 2018 his ashes were immersed in Ganga river at Haridwar by his daughter Namita. India reacted to Vajpayee's death with grief and thousands of tributes poured in though social media platforms. Thousands of people payed their respects during his funeral procession. A seven-days state mourning was announced by the Central Government throughout India. The National Flag flew half-mast during this period.   

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